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crush

音标[krʌʃ] 读音

汉语翻译

n. 压碎, 粉碎, 群众, 迷恋
vt. 压破, 征服, 塞, 弄皱, 榨出
vi. 被压碎, 起皱, 挤
【化】 破碎; 压碎; 捣碎; 粉碎
【医】 压碎, 碾碎
相关词组:
have a crush on sb
crush down
crush out
crush up

词型变化:

名词:crusher 动词过去式:crushed 过去分词:crushed 现在分词:crushing 第三人称单数:crushes 形容词:crushable 

词意辨析:

break, burst, crack, crush, fracture, shatter, smash
这些动词均含“打破、弄碎”之意。
break: 常用词,含义广泛,多指猛然用力将坚硬物打破或损坏。
burst: 指某物因内部外部压力过大而出现严重破裂、爆开或撑破。
crack: 多指因长期使用或经受压力,物体表现呈现裂纹、裂口或破裂、裂开,但一般没成碎片。
crush: 指用力把东西压破或使变形。
fracture: 比crack的破裂程度更深更严重,常指断裂,医学上指骨折。
shatter: 指破裂为许多支离破碎的碎片,多用指易碎事物。
smash: 指突然而猛烈地重击某物,使之破碎或完全变形。

英语解释:

名词 crush:

  1. leather that has had its grain pattern accentuated
    同义词:crushed leather
  2. a dense crowd of people
    同义词:jam, press
  3. temporary love of an adolescent
    同义词:puppy love, calf love, infatuation
  4. the act of crushing
    同义词:crunch, compaction

动词 crush:

  1. come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority
    同义词:oppress, suppress
  2. to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition
    同义词:squash, squelch, mash, squeeze
  3. come out better in a competition, race, or conflict
    同义词:beat, beat out, shell, trounce, vanquish
  4. break into small pieces
  5. humiliate or depress completely
    同义词:smash, demolish
  6. crush or bruise
    同义词:jam
  7. make ineffective
    同义词:break down
  8. become injured, broken, or distorted by pressure

例句:

  1. Her refusal crushed all our hopes.
    她一拒绝,我的希望就全都破灭了。
  2. The rebellion was crushed by government forces.
    政府军已把叛乱镇压下去。
  3. The people crushed through the gate.
    人们挤进了大门。
  4. There was such a crush on the train that I could hardly breathe.
    火车上挤得我都喘不过气来。
  5. This machine crushes wheat grain to make flour.
    这台机器把麦子磨成面粉。

详细解释:


crush

v.(动词)
crushed,crush.ing,crush.es
v.tr.(及物动词)
To press between opposing bodies so as to break or injure.
压破,压伤:在两个对向的物质间挤压并使其破碎或受伤
To break, pound, or grind (stone or ore, for example) into small fragments or powder.
压碎:把(石头或矿石等)挤压、捣碎或碾成小碎块或粉末
To put down; subdue:
镇压;制服
例句:
crushed the rebellion.
平定叛乱

To overwhelm or oppress severely:
压倒,沉重地压迫:
例句:
spirits that had been crushed by rejection and failure.
精神被拒绝和失败压垮了

To crumple or rumple:
压皱,弄皱:
例句:
crushed the freshly ironed shirt.
把新熨好的衣服弄皱了

To hug, especially with great force.
紧抱,紧拥:紧抱,尤指强有力地拥抱
To press upon, shove, or crowd.
压,塞,挤压
To extract or obtain by pressing or squeezing:
榨出:通过挤压抽取或榨取:
例句:
crush juice from a grape.
葡萄中榨出葡萄汁

Archaic To drink; quaff.
古语 喝;狂饮
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To be or become crushed.
被压碎,被起皱
To proceed or move by crowding or pressing.
挤,涌:通过挤或推前进或移动
n.(名词)
The act of crushing; extreme pressure.
压碎,压力:压碎的行为;极大的压力
The state of being crushed.
被压碎:被压碎的状态
A great crowd:
极度拥挤:
例句:
a crush of spectators.
极度拥挤的观众

A substance prepared by or as if by crushing, especially a fruit drink:
果汁:用压榨或似乎用压榨制成的物质,尤指果汁饮料:
例句:
orange crush.
桔子汁

Informal
【非正式用语】
A usually temporary infatuation.
热恋:通常是一时的迷恋
The object of such an infatuation.
热恋对象
A decisive or critical moment or situation.
决定性关头,关键时刻:决定性或关键的时刻或状况
The process of stamping or crushing grapes for wine.
榨汁酿酒:压榨葡萄汁酿酒的过程

来源:
Middle English crushen
中古英语 crushen
from Old French croissir
源自 古法语 croissir
[of Germanic origin]
[源于日耳曼语]

【引伸】
crush.able
adj.(形容词)
crush.er
n.(名词)
crush.proof.

<参考词汇><同义词>crush,mash,pulp,smash,squashThe central meaning shared by these verbs is .to press forcefully so as to reduce to a pulpy mass.:
这些动词所共有的中心意思是.强有力地挤压…以使其成为浆状物质.:
例句:
crush rose geranium leaves;
压榨玫瑰天竺葵的叶子;

例句:
mashed the sweet potatoes;
把甘薯捣成糊状;

例句:
pulped raspberries through a sieve;
用筛网把树莓变成浆状;

例句:
smashing bamboo stems with a hammer;
用铁锤把竹竿砸烂;

例句:
squash an egg under one`s foot. See also Synonyms at crowd
用脚把鸡蛋踩碎 参见同义词 crowd


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