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put

音标[put] 读音

汉语翻译

vt. 放, 摆, 安置, 移动, 发射, 投掷, 写上, 表达, 使从事, 使受到, 驱使, 赋予
vi. 出发, 航行, 发芽
n. 掷, 股票出售权, 笨蛋
a. 固定不动的
【计】 发送文件
【经】 期货买卖, 卖方选择权; 放
相关词组:
put sb to trial
put sb to shame
be hard put to it
put paid to
put about
feel put about
put across
put apart
put sth aside
put sth away
put sb away
put sth back
put behind one
put by
put sb down for sth
put forth
put inside
put into
put into operation
put into practice
put into effect
put it on
put it over
I put it to you that...
put in
put in for sth
put sth on sth
put sb onto sth
put out
put oneself out
put over
put sb on to
put through
put sb through sth
put sb through drills
put sb through a trial
put sb through to
put to
put together
put to it
put up
put sb up to sth
put a stay put
put under
put upon
be put upon by sb
put one's foot down
to put on airs
put faith in
be put into action
be put out of action
be put into production
put sb to death

词型变化:

动词过去式:put 过去分词:put 现在分词:putting 第三人称单数:puts 

词意辨析:

lay, place, put, set
这些动词均有“放”之意。
lay: 指小心地把人或物平放或横放,侧重动作安稳
place: 较正式用词,指把某物放在一个正确的位置上,侧重动作的正确。
put: 普通用词,含义较广泛。指把人或物置于某处,并将其留在该处。
set: 普通用词,指为了某种目的而将人或物放在一定位置上。指物时多指立着放。

英语解释:

名词 put:

  1. the option to sell a given stock (or stock index or commodity future) at a given price before a given date
    同义词:put option

动词 put:

  1. put into a certain place or abstract location
    同义词:set, place, pose, position, lay
  2. cause to be in a certain state; cause to be in a certain relation
  3. formulate in a particular style or language
    同义词:frame, redact, cast, couch
  4. attribute or give
    同义词:assign
  5. make an investment
    同义词:invest, commit, place
  6. estimate
    同义词:place, set
  7. cause (someone) to undergo something
  8. adapt
  9. arrange thoughts, ideas, temporal events
    同义词:arrange, set up, order

例句:

  1. How shall I put it?
    我该怎么说呢?
  2. He put his hands in his pockets.
    他把手放在口袋里。
  3. It's time to put the baby to bed.
    该让那婴儿 * 睡觉了。
  4. Never put your trust to a stranger.
    绝不要相信陌生人。
  5. He put some more wood on the fire.
    他在火里加了一些柴。
  6. I want to know how to put this in French.
    我想知道如何用法语来表达这件事。

详细解释:


put

v.(动词)
put,put.ting,puts
v.tr.(及物动词)
To place in a specified location; set:
搁,放:放在一个具体的地点;放置:
例句:
She put the books on the table.
她把书放在桌子

To cause to be in a specified condition:
使处于:使…处于某一特定情况下:
例句:
His gracious manners put me at ease.
他的谦和宽厚态度使我感到自由自在

To cause (one) to undergo something; subject:
使从事:使(某人)从事某事;使遭到
例句:
The interrogators put the prisoner to torture.
审问者使囚犯们受到折磨

To assign; attribute:
把…归因于;把…归咎于:
例句:
They put a false interpretation on events.
他们对事件进行了错误的解释

To estimate:
估计
例句:
We put the time at five o`clock.
我们估计时间是在五点钟

To impose or levy:
征税或抽款:
例句:
The governor has put a tax on cigarettes.
这个总督已经开始对香烟征税

Games To wager (a stake); bet:
游戏 押(赌注);打赌:
例句:
put $50 on a horse.
在一匹马上下50美元的赌注

Sports To hurl with an overhand pushing motion:
【体育运动 掷,投:用双手过肩向前推动的动作来扔:
例句:
put the shot.
推铅球

To bring up for consideration or judgment:
提出:提出以供考虑或判断
例句:
put a question to the judge.
向法官提出问题

To express; state:
表达;陈述:
例句:
I put my objections bluntly.
我直率地表明了我的反对意见

To render in a specified language or literary form:
改写:用一种特定的语言或文学形式来表达:
例句:
put prose into verse.
把散文改写成诗句

To adapt:
改编:
例句:
The lyrics had been put to music.
这些抒情诗被改编成了音乐

To urge or force to an action:
驱使,迫使:煽动或迫使…采取行动:
例句:
a mob that put the thief to flight.
迫使小偷逃跑的群众

To apply:
使…适合
例句:
We must put our minds to it.
我们必须使我们的思想适合它

v.intr.(不及物动词)
To begin to move, especially in a hurry.
匆忙离开:开始运动,尤其指于匆忙中
Nautical To proceed:
【航海】 驶进:
例句:
The ship put into the harbor.
船驶进了海湾

n.(名词)
Sports An act of putting the shot.
【体育运动】 推铅球:推铅球的动作
An option to sell a stipulated amount of stock or securities within a specified time and at a fixed price.
期货买卖:一种在限定的时间和在固定的地点卖出规定的股票或债券的买卖特权
adj.Informal形容词【非正式用语】
Fixed; stationary:
固定的;不变的:
例句:
stay put.
留在原处不动


<常用词组>put about 【航海】
To change or cause to change direction; go or cause to go from one tack to another.
使…转向:改变方向或使…改变方向;从一个航向转到另一个航向或使从一个航向转到另一个航向
put across
To state so as to be understood clearly or accepted readily:
使被理解:陈述以使被清楚地理解或迅速地接受:
例句:
tried to put her views across during the hearing.
在听讼过程中试图使她的观点能被清楚地理解

To attain or carry through by deceit or trickery.
搞成:用欺骗或计谋完成或贯彻
put away
To renounce; discard:
抛弃;舍弃:
例句:
put all negative thoughts away.
抛弃所有消极的思想

Informal To consume (food or drink) readily and quickly:
【非正式用语】 吃掉,喝掉:乐意并很快地吃光或喝光(食物或饮料):
例句:
put away the dinner in just a few minutes.
就在几分钟内吃光了晚餐

Informal To confine to a mental health facility.
【非正式用语】 关进精神病医院
Informal To kill:
【非正式用语】 杀:
例句:
The injured cat was put away.
这个受伤的猫被杀死了

To bury.
埋葬
put by
To save for later use:
储存…备用:节约以供后来的使用:
例句:
My grandmother puts by her fresh vegetables.
我的祖母把她的新鲜蔬菜搁在一边存下来

put down
To write down.
写下来
To enter in a list.
记入名单
To bring to an end; repress:
结束;抑制:
例句:
put down a rebellion.
镇压了一起 *

To render ineffective:
制止取缔:使变得不起作用:
例句:
put down rumors.
制止流言

To subject (an animal) to euthanasia.
使(动物)无痛苦的死亡
Slang
【俚语】
To criticize:
批评:
例句:
Her parents put her down for failing the course.
她的父母因为她考试不及格而批评她

To belittle; disparage:
轻视;蔑视
例句:
He tried to put down her knowledge of literature.
他试图贬低她的文学知识

To humiliate:
羞辱,使丢脸:
例句:
.Many status games seem designed to put down others.(Alvin F. Poussaint)
.许多权位竞争好象是为战胜别人设计的.(阿尔文F.普森特)

To assign to a category:
把…归入某一类别:
例句:
Just put him down as a sneak.
他被归入鬼鬼祟祟的那一类人

To attribute:
归因于…:
例句:
Let`s put this disaster down to experience.
让我们把这次灾难归因于经验不足

To consume (food or drink) readily; put away:
吃光,喝光:很容易地吃光或喝光(食物或饮料);吃光:
例句:
puts down three big meals a day.
一天吃掉三顿大餐

put forth
To grow:
生长:
例句:
Plants put forth new growth in the spring.
植物在春天里开始新的生长

To bring to bear; exert:
表现;发挥:
例句:
At least put forth a semblance of effort when you scrub the floor.
当你擦地板时至少能表现出努力的样子

To offer for consideration:
提出:提出以供考虑:
例句:
put forth an idea.
提出一个想法

put forward
To propose for consideration:
提出:提议以供考虑:
例句:
put forward a new plan.
提出一个新计划

put in
To make a formal offer of:
提交:提出…的正式提议:
例句:
put in a plea of guilty.
正式提出犯罪诉讼

To interpose:
插入,插话:
例句:
He put in a good word for me.
他插进来为我说了一句好话

To spend (time) at a location or job:
花时间:在某一场所或工作上花费(时间):
例句:
The inmate had put in six years at hard labor. She put in eight hours behind a desk.
犯人已经做了六年的苦工。她在花了八小时办公

To plant:
种植:
例句:
We put in 20 rows of pine trees.
我们种植了20排松树

Nautical To enter a port or harbor:
【航海】 进港:进入口岸或港口
例句:
The freighter puts in at noon.
货轮中午时进入港口

put off
To delay; postpone:
耽误;延期:
例句:
put off paying the bills.
拖延付清帐单

To persuade to delay further action:
设法使…等待:劝说使…拖延下步行动:
例句:
managed to put off the creditors for another week.
设法说服债主晚一个星期再来

To take off; discard:
脱下;丢弃
例句:
put off a sweater.
脱下毛衣

To repel or repulse, as from bad manners:
使厌恶:使厌恶;使反感,如由于不礼貌
例句:
His indifferent attitude has put us off.
他的冷淡态度使我们对他很反感

To pass (money) or sell (merchandise) fraudulently.
使用假钞或卖假货
put on
To clothe oneself with; don:
穿衣服;穿上:
例句:
put on a coat; put socks on.
穿上外衣;穿上袜子

To apply; activate:
运用;使活动:
例句:
put on the brakes.
刹闸

To assume affectedly:
假装:
例句:
put on an English accent.
假装带有英国口音

Slang To tease or mislead (another):
【俚语】 戏弄:戏弄或使(别人)误入歧途:
例句:
You`re putting me on!
你在开我的玩笑

To add:
增加:
例句:
put on weight.
增加体重

To produce; perform:
产生;履行:
例句:
put on a variety show.
举行一次杂耍演出

put out
To extinguish:
熄灭:
例句:
put out a fire.
扑灭一场大火

Nautical To leave, as a port or harbor; depart.
【航海】 出航:离开,如口岸或港口;出发
To expel:
逐出:
例句:
put out a drunk.
赶走醉汉

To publish:
出版:
例句:
put out a weekly newsletter.
发行时事周刊

To inconvenience:
方便
例句:
Did our early arrival put you outô
我们提早到达是不是使您很不方便ô

To offend or irritate:
触犯或激怒
例句:
I was put out by his attention to the television set.
我被他对电视节目的关注激怒了

Baseball To retire a runner.
【棒球】 使跑垒者出局
Vulgar Slang To be sexually active. Used of a woman.
【粗俗用语】 【俚语】生活上频繁,尤其用于妇女
put over
To postpone; delay.
延期;耽误
To put across, especially to deceive:
做成:使承认,尤其是为了欺骗时:
例句:
tried to put a lie over, but to no avail.
试图用谎言瞒过去,但没有成功

put through
To bring to a successful end:
做成:达到成功的终点:
例句:
put the project through on time; put through a number of new laws.
按时完成了项目;通过许多新法律

To cause to undergo:
使…从事、遭遇
例句:
He put me through a lot of trouble.
他使我遇到许多麻烦

To make a telephone connection for:
接通电话线:
例句:
The operator put me through on the office line.
接线生给我接通了办公室的电话

To obtain a connection for (a telephone call).
接通(电话)
put to 【航海】
To head for shore.
驶向岸边
put together
To construct; create:
建造;创造
例句:
put together a new bookcase; put together a tax package.
做一个新书橱;整理出一叠报税单

put up
To erect; build.
建立;建造
To preserve; can:
保存;把…装罐:
例句:
put up six jars of jam.
做六罐果酱

To nominate:
提名:
例句:
put up a candidate at a convention.
在会议上对一个候选人进行提名

To provide (funds) in advance:
提供:提前提供(资金):
例句:
put up money for the new musical.
为这个新音乐剧提前筹备资金

To provide lodgings for:
为…提供食宿:
例句:
put a friend up for the night.
留宿朋友过夜

Sports To startle (game animals) from cover:
【体育运动】 惊起:被惊出隐藏处的用来狩猎的动物:
例句:
put up grouse.
赶出松鸡

To offer for sale:
拿去卖:
例句:
put up his antiques.
拍卖他的古董

To make a display or the appearance of:
炫耀或显示…:
例句:
put up a bluff.
故弄玄虚

To engage in; carry on:
进行:使从事于;继续进行:
例句:
put up a good fight.
展开一场激烈的争斗

put upon
To impose on; overburden:
强加于;使…负担过重:
例句:
He was always being put upon by his friends.
他总是受朋友的欺负

<习惯用语>put down roots
To establish a permanent residence in a locale.
扎根于:在某地建立永久的住所
put it to (someone)【俚语】
To overburden with tasks or work.
担负过重的任务或工作
To put blame on.
责备
To take unfair advantage of.
公平利用
To lay out the facts of a situation to (another) in a forceful, candid manner.
直率地摆明情况:以一种强有力的、直率的态度向(另外的人)摆出形势实际情况
put (one) in mind
To remind:
想起:
例句:
You put me in mind of your grandmother.
你使我想起你的祖母

put (one`s) finger on
To identify:
认出,识别
例句:
I can`t put my finger on the person in that photograph.
我认不出照片中的那个人

put (one`s) foot down
To take a firm stand.
采取坚定的立场
put (one`s) foot in (one`s) mouth
To make a tactless remark.
做不得体的评论
put paid to【多用于英国】
To finish off; put to rest:
结束;使…休息:
例句:
.We`ve given up saying we only kill to eat; Kraft dinner and freeze-dried food have put paid to that one.(Margaret Atwood)
.我们已经放弃说我们只是尽力地吃;卡夫晚餐和冻干的食物已经使我们停止了.(玛格丽特·阿特伍德)

put (someone) through (someone`s) paces
To cause to demonstrate ability or skill; test:
使…表现能力或技术;考验:
例句:
The drama coach put her students through their paces before the first performance.
这位戏剧老师要她的学生们表演前接受考查

put (someone) up to
To cause to commit a funny, mischievous, or malicious act:
作恶作剧:使(某人)做出滑稽的、恶作剧的或恶毒的行为:
例句:
My older brother put me up to making a prank telephone call.
我大哥让我打了一个恶作剧的电话

put the arm on 或
put the bite on 或
put the squeeze on 【俚语】
To ask another for money.
向别人要钱
put the finger on【俚语】
To inform on:
告发:
例句:
The witness put the finger on the killer.
目击者告发了谋杀者

put the make on【俚语】
To make sexual advances to.
取得性生活的进展
put the screws to 或
put the screws on 【俚语】
To pressure (another) in an extreme manner.
强制性压力:以一种极端的态度对别人施加压力
put the skids on【俚语】
To bring to a halt:
停止:
例句:
.Sacrificing free speech to put the skids on prurient printed matter is not the correct path, the courts said.(Curtis J. Sitomer)
.法庭认为,将自由言论牺牲来停止已印出的好色事件不是正确的道路.(柯蒂斯J.锡托莫)

put to bed【非正式用语】
To make final preparations for the printing of (a newspaper, for example).
印刷前最后准备:为(例如报纸)的印刷而做最后的准备
To make final preparations for completing (a project).
最后准备:为完成(一个项目)而做最后的准备
put to it
To cause extreme difficulty for:
造成极大的困难:
例句:
We were put to it to finish the book on time.
我们很难按时读完这本书

put two and two together
To draw the proper conclusions from existing evidence or indications.
得出结论:从现存的证据或迹象中得出合适的结论
put up or shut up【俚语】
To have to endure (something unpleasant) without complaining or take the action necessary to remove the source of the unpleasantry.
要就辩护要就闭嘴:不得不毫无怨言地忍受(不愉快的事情)或采取必要的行动来转移不愉快事件的根源
put up with
To endure without complaint:
忍受:毫无怨言地忍受:
例句:
We had to put up with the inconvenience.
我们不得不忍受不便之处

来源:
Middle English putten
中古英语 putten
back-formation from Old English *pôtte [past tense of] pttan [to put out]
源自 古英语 *pôtte的逆构词 [] pttan的过去时 [熄灭]


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