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race

音标[reis] 读音

汉语翻译

n. 种族, 人种, 赛跑, 比赛, 急流, 人类, 同道, 姜根
vi. 赛跑, 竞赛, 疾走
vt. 与...赛跑, 使疾走, 使猛转
【计】 竞争; 追赶; 欧州高级通信研究开发计划
【医】 种族, 族, 类
相关词组:
race with sb

词型变化:

动词过去式:raced 过去分词:raced 现在分词:racing 第三人称单数:races 

词意辨析:

nation, people, race
这些名词均含“民族、种族”之意。
nation: 特指居住于同一区域,有共同历史、语言、文化及心理素质等的人类群体。
people: 侧重指有共同文化、社会基础的人民整体。
race: 专指有共同祖先和相同肤色、面部特征等遗传特征以及共同风俗等的人群。
run, jog, race, trot
这些动词均有“跑”之意。
run: 最普通用词,指由于各种原因而急速奔跑。
jog: 指从容不迫地慢跑。
race: 多用于赛跑,指以最快速度奔跑。
trot: 强调小跑时上下弹跳的动作,是介于跑与走之间轻快的快速运动

英语解释:

名词 race:

  1. any competition
  2. people who are believed to belong to the same genetic stock
  3. a contest of speed
  4. the flow of air that is driven backwards by an aircraft propeller
    同义词:slipstream, airstream, backwash, wash
  5. (biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species; usually arises as a consequence of geographical isolation within a species
    同义词:subspecies
  6. a canal for a current of water
    同义词:raceway

动词 race:

  1. step on it
    同义词:rush, hotfoot, hasten, hie, speed, pelt along, rush along, cannonball along, bucket along, belt along
  2. compete in a race
    同义词:run
  3. to work as fast as possible towards a goal, sometimes in competition with others
  4. cause to move fast or to rush or race
    同义词:rush

例句:

  1. Every morning he spent two hours training for the race.
    他每天早晨花两个小时练习赛跑。
  2. It was a race against time to stop people dying from starvation.
    为抢救那些即将饿死的人而分秒必争。
  3. The driver waited for the green light, his engine racing.
    那司机等候绿灯放行,让发动机空转著。
  4. She came second in the race.
    她在比赛中得了第二名。
  5. Hearing the bell, we raced to the class.
    听到铃声,我们赶快跑去上课。
  6. He is against race prejudice.
    他反对种族歧视

详细解释:


race

n.(名词)
A local geographic or global human population distinguished as a more or less distinct group by genetically transmitted physical characteristics.
人种:局部的地区性人口或全球性人口,根据由基因遗传的体质而区分为几种特性明显或不很明显的群体
A group of people united or classified together on the basis of common history, nationality, or geographic distribution:
民族:在共同历史、国籍或地理分布的基础上联合起来的一群人或被归为一类:
例句:
the German race.
德国人

A genealogical line; a lineage.
家族:家族血统;门第
Human beings considered as a group.
人类:被认为是一个群体的人
Biology
【生物学】
A population of organisms differing from others of the same species in the frequency of hereditary traits; a subspecies.
亚种:在遗传特征的出现频率上和同一种类的其它生物不同的生物总体;亚种
A breed or strain, as of domestic animals.
种:种或品系,如家养动物
A distinguishing or characteristic quality, such as the flavor of a wine.
独特的风味:一种独特的或具有特征的性质,如酒的味道

来源:
French
法语
from Old French
源自 古法语
from Old Italian razza [race, lineage]
源自 古意大利语 razza [血统,世系]


race
race 2

n.(名词)
Sports
【体育运动】
A competition of speed, as in running or riding.
赛跑:一种速度的比赛,如赛跑或赛车
races A series of such competitions held at a specified time on a regular course:
races 比赛:在一特定时间内和常规跑道上举行的一系列这样的比赛:
例句:
attending the dog races.
参加赛狗大会

An extended competition in which participants struggle like runners to be the winner:
竞争:一种扩大意义的比赛,参加者象赛跑者那样象前冲刺以成为优胜者:
例句:
the presidential race.
总统竞选

Steady or rapid onward movement:
快速的前行:稳定或快速向前的运动:
例句:
the race of time.
时间流逝



A strong or swift current of water.
急流:有力或快速的水流
The channel of such a current.
湍急的水道:这样一股水流的渠道
An artificial channel built to transport water and use its energy; a raceway.
人工水道:建设以输送水源或利用其能量的人工沟渠;水道
A groovelike part of a machine in which a moving part slides or rolls.
沟槽:机器上的槽状部分,运动部件可在其中滑动或滚动
See slipstream
参见 slipstream
v.(动词)
raced,rac.ing,rac.es
v.intr.(不及物动词)
Sports To compete in a contest of speed.
【体育运动】 比赛赛跑:参加速度竞赛
To move rapidly or at top speed:
迅速行进:迅速或以高速运动:
例句:
raced home in time.
及时冲回家

To run too rapidly because of decreased resistance or a lighter load:
使猛转:由于阻力减小或负荷变小而运转过于迅速:
例句:
an engine that was racing.
正在飞速转动的引擎

v.tr.(及物动词)
Sports
【体育运动】
To compete against in a race.
赛跑:在赛跑比赛中与…竞争
To cause to compete in a race; enter in a contest:
参赛:使在比赛中竞争;参加竞赛:
例句:
The monarch raced her horses in the derby each year.
女王每年都将马送去参赛的马赛

To transport rapidly or at top speed; rush:
全速运送,快递:迅速或以高速运送;飞快行动:
例句:
raced the injured motorist to the hospital.
将受伤的摩托车手迅速送往医院

To cause (an engine with the gears disengaged, for example) to run swiftly or too swiftly.
空转:使(如带有空齿轮的发动机)快速或过于快速地运转

来源:
Middle English ras
中古英语 ras
from Old Norse r3s [rush, running] * see ers-
源自 古斯堪的纳维亚语 r3s [冲,跑] *参见 ers-


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