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punish

音标['pʌniʃ] 读音

汉语翻译

vt. 处罚, 惩罚, 严厉对待
vi. 惩罚
【法】 罚, 惩罚, 处罚

词型变化:

动词过去式:punished 过去分词:punished 现在分词:punishing 第三人称单数:punishes 形容词:punishable 名词:punishability 

英语解释:

动词 punish:

  1. impose a penalty on; inflict punishment on
    同义词:penalize, penalise

例句:

  1. The teacher warned them that she would punish anyone who stepped out of line.
    老师警告他们说谁要不守规矩就罚谁。
  2. The great thieves punish the little ones.
    [谚]大贼罚小贼; 大鱼吃小鱼。
  3. If it were not for his presence, I would punish you.
    不是他在场,我会处罚你的。
  4. The teacher blazoned she would punish the bad student.
    老师宣布她将惩罚那个坏学生。
  5. Their teacher punished them for their rudeness.
    老师因为他们态度粗鲁责罚他们。
  6. Dangerous driving should be severely punished.
    危险驾驶应受严惩。

详细解释:


pun.ish

v.(动词)
pun.ished,pun.ish.ing,pun.ish.es
v.tr.(及物动词)
To subject to a penalty for an offense, a sin, or a fault.
处罚:因为触犯、罪过或过错而遭受惩罚
To inflict a penalty for (an offense).
施加处罚:因为(冒犯)而施加惩罚
To handle roughly; hurt:
粗鲁地对待;伤害:
例句:
My boots were punished by our long trek through the desert.
我的靴子由于我们穿越沙漠的长途旅行而被磨损了

v.intr.(不及物动词)
To exact or mete out punishment.
制服从惩罚或给予惩罚

来源:
Middle English punissen, punishen
中古英语 punissen, punishen
from Old French punir puniss-
源自 古法语 punir puniss-
from Latin poenore, pônore
源自 拉丁语 poenore, pônore
from poena [punishment]
源自 poena [惩罚,处罚]
from Greek poinô * see k wei-
源自 希腊语 poinô *参见 k wei-

【引伸】
pun.ishabil.ity
n.(名词)
pun.ishable
adj.(形容词)
pun.isher
n.(名词)
<参考词汇><同义词>punish,correct,chastise,discipline,castigate,penalizeThese verbs mean to subject a person to a penalty, such as loss, pain, or confinement, for an offense, a sin, or a fault.
这些动词的意思是使某人因为冒犯、罪过或过错而受到如损失、痛苦或监禁等惩罚。
Punish is the least specific:
Punish 的意思是最不具体的:
例句:
.The individual who refuses to defend his rights when called by his Government . . . must be punished as an enemy of his country and friend to her foe. (Andrew Jackson).Tocorrect is to punish so that the offender will mend his or her ways:
国家召集拒绝维护他的权利的个人…一定被当作自己国家的敌人和国家敌人的朋友而受到惩罚 (安德鲁·杰克逊)。Corret 意指惩罚以使冒犯者改正他或她的习惯

例句:
Regulations formerly permitted prison wardens to correct unruly inmates.
规章制度从前曾允许监狱的典狱长惩罚不守规矩的犯人。

Chastise implies punishment, such as corporal punishment or a verbal rebuke, as a means of effecting improvement in behavior:
Chastise 表示作为使行为进步的一种方式的惩罚,如体罚或口头上的责备等:
例句:
chastise a bully by giving him a thrashing;
给这个欺侮弱者的人一顿鞭打以作惩罚;

例句:
was roundly chastised for insolence.
因为傲慢而受到一顿惩罚。

Discipline stresses punishment inflicted by an authority in order to control an offender or to eliminate or reform unacceptable conduct:
Discipline 强调权力机关控制冒犯者或免除、改革不能被接受的行为所施加的惩罚:
例句:
The worker was disciplined for insubordination.
这个工人因为不服从而受到惩罚。

Castigate means to censure or criticize severely, often in public:
Castigate 常指在公共场合谴责严肃地批评:
例句:
The judge castigated the attorney for badgering the witness.
法官因为辩护律师纠缠目击证人而谴责了他。

Penalize usually implies a monetary penalty or the forfeiture of a privilege or gain because rules or regulations have been broken:
Penalize 通常指因违反规则或惯例而施行的罚金或导致特权或利益的丧失:
例句:
Those who file their income-tax returns after April 5 will be penalized.
那些在4月5日以后才填写收入所得税申报书的人将被罚款


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